JAMES MADISON
(1751-1836) Lawyer, Planter, Authored 29 of the 85 “Federalist Papers”, Member of the Constitutional Congress, U.S. Secretary of State, Fourth President of the United States of America.

“Temporary deviations from fundamental principals are always more or less dangerous. When the first pretext fails, those who become interested in prolonging the evil will rarely be at a loss for other pretexts.”

“I cannot undertake to lay my finger on that article of the constitution which granted a right to congress of expending, on objects of benevolence, the money of their constituents….”

“Americans have the right and advantage of being armed—unlike the citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.”

"...[T]he government of the United States is a definite government, confined to specified objects. It is not like the state governments, whose powers are more general. Charity is no part of the legislative duty of the government."

"Is there no virtue among us? If there be not, we are in a wretched situation. No theoretical checks-no form of government can render us secure. To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea, if there be sufficient virtue and intelligence in the community, it will be exercised in the selection of these men. So that we do not depend on their virtue, or put confidence in our rulers, but in the people who are to choose them."
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